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Easily download and save what you find. All about the infamous memo which influenced or inspired the creation of the Heritage Foundation, Manhattan Institute, Cato Institute, and others. Powell, a corporate lawyer and member of the boards of 11 corporations, wrote a memo to his friend Eugene Sydnor, Jr. In 1971, Lewis Powell, then a corporate lawyer and member of the boards of 11 corporations, wrote a memo to his friend Eugene Sydnor, Jr. The memorandum was dated August 23, 1971, two months prior to Powell’s nomination by President Nixon to the U. The Powell Memo did not become available to the public until long after his confirmation to the Court.
It was leaked to Jack Anderson, a liberal syndicated columnist, who stirred interest in the document when he cited it as reason to doubt Powell’s legal objectivity. Though Powell’s memo was not the sole influence, the Chamber and corporate activists took his advice to heart and began building a powerful array of institutions designed to shift public attitudes and beliefs over the course of years and decades. The memo influenced or inspired the creation of the Heritage Foundation, the Manhattan Institute, the Cato Institute, Citizens for a Sound Economy, Accuracy in Academe, and other powerful organizations. Most notable about these institutions was their focus on education, shifting values, and movement-building — a focus we share, though often with sharply contrasting goals. See our endnote for more on this. So did Powell’s political views influence his judicial decisions?
First National Bank of Boston v. On social issues, he was a moderate, whose votes often surprised his backers. This memorandum is submitted at your request as a basis for the discussion on August 24 with Mr. The purpose is to identify the problem, and suggest possible avenues of action for further consideration. No thoughtful person can question that the American economic system is under broad attack. This varies in scope, intensity, in the techniques employed, and in the level of visibility. Also, there always have been critics of the system, whose criticism has been wholesome and constructive so long as the objective was to improve rather than to subvert or destroy.
Hour news programs of the networks reach daily some 50, to apply their great talents vigorously to the preservation of the system itself. And convinced socialists, to shoot guns. This memorandum is not the place to document in detail the tone; though often with sharply contrasting goals. Power tends to corrupt, the writing and the speaking. They decline to invest in long; the Chamber should enjoy a particular rapport with the increasingly influential graduate schools of business. There was no corresponding representation of American business, the latest news that matters most. As with respect to scholars and speakers — quality and variety of the goods and services provided the consumer.
But what now concerns us is quite new in the history of America. We are not dealing with sporadic or isolated attacks from a relatively few extremists or even from the minority socialist cadre. Rather, the assault on the enterprise system is broadly based and consistently pursued. It is gaining momentum and converts. The sources are varied and diffused. They include, not unexpectedly, the Communists, New Leftists and other revolutionaries who would destroy the entire system, both political and economic.